“Vaksigripp” – effective flu vaccine in the season of the year 2020-2021, the composition of which is fully consistent with the who recommendations. The French drug manufacturer Sanofi Pasteur is considered one of the safest drugs for the prevention of flu in people of all ages, including children over 6 months.
“Vaksigripp” is a suspension that comes in multidose vials of 5 ml, ampoules 0.5 ml or syringes to 0.5 ml and 0.25 ml (adult and pediatric dose, respectively). Because of the fine needle the procedure is virtually painless.
Note! The vaccine is designed for intramuscular or deep subcutaneous injection in the deltoid muscle of the shoulder (children above 3 years and adults) or anterior region of the quadriceps muscle of the thigh (young children).
Requires storage and transport in a dark place with a temperature of 2-8°C for up to 12 months from date of manufacture. In the case of freezing, the integrity of the packaging, the color changes for further use is prohibited. The remnants of the drug in a hidden bottle also cannot be used, so the rest must be destroyed.
Composition and properties
Existing components “Vaksigripp” are formalin inactivated influenza virus cultured in chick embryos. Each dose includes the hemagglutinin, neuramidase virus strains type A (1N1, Michigan), A (H3N2, Singapore), In line (Victoria and Yamagata). Additional components are sodium chloride, potassium and sodium phosphate, potassium chloride, water for injections.
Important! The antigenic formula can be adjusted according to who projections for the coming epidemic season. It is therefore important to use vaccine, released for season 2020-2021 to ensure its effectiveness.
The drug stimulates the production of antibodies for the formation of the immunity against the strains contained in the vaccine composition. Production of antibodies starts after 10-14 days and lasts up to 6-12 months. As practice shows, immunity is developed in 90% of patients. But even the flu for the vaccinated person is much easier and with less complications, so doctors recommend not to refuse to vaccinate. Periodic mutations of viruses may reduce the effectiveness of vaccinations. In addition, the positive effect will be affected:
- the age and state of health;
- observance of conditions of storage and transportation of the drug;
- technique and time of vaccination (the immune system over time will weaken);
- seasonal epidemiological situation.
Indications for use
Influenza vaccination included in the national vaccination calendar of the Russian Federation, but is not mandatory for every citizen. However doctors recommend to get vaccinated to protect themselves and others from the flu and its dangerous complications. Especially the recommendation concerns the following groups of the population who are at risk:
- with diseases of the respiratory system, kidneys, liver, nervous or cardiovascular systems,
- in a state of immunodeficiency, HIV, chemotherapy, radiation or corticosteroid therapy;
- in the work connected with being in public places (waiters, conductors, doctors, teachers, educators, etc.);
- persons older than 60 years;
- children older than 6 months;
- pregnant women (from 2nd trimester).
For maximum effect, “Vaksigripp” vaccination is recommended to do in autumn 2020 to surge in the incidence or in the initial stages in case of a flu epidemic. The dose is prescribed according to age:
- 0.25 ml children 6 months-3 years;
- 0.5 ml children over 3 years old to adults.
Note! Children under the age of 9 years at primary vaccination requires two doses of 0.25 ml doses with an interval of 1 month.
Contraindications and side effects
Absolute contraindication to the introduction of “Vaksigripp” – an allergic reaction during previous usage. The drug is also not suitable when:
- allergies components of the drug (chicken proteins, aminoglycosides, etc.);
- 1st trimester of pregnancy;
- the child’s age to 6 months;
- at temperatures over 37°C;
- the exacerbation of chronic illnesses.
The vaccine requires caution when administered to patients with a tendency to allergic reactions, disorders of blood clotting, chronic diseases (allowed in a period of remission).
The drug is one of the safest vaccines. Often does not cause deterioration, but in the early days, in some cases, possible ailments of General and local character:
- drowsiness, weakness;
- local reactions (swelling, induration, redness, itching, pain at the injection site);
- headache and muscle pain;
- chills, fever;
- loss of appetite, diarrhea;
- allergic reactions.
These phenomena are considered to be one of the options a normal reaction to the vaccine in the process of development of antibodies and formation of immune system. They usually disappear without any intervention within 3 days. With more long-term ailments or rapid deterioration in condition should consult a doctor for further examination.
One of the most serious potential complications of anaphylactic shock, or angioedema, which can develop in the first 5-10 minutes after vaccination and in the absence of immediate medical attention to result in death. With such risks associated with the recommendation within half an hour after the vaccination to leave the medical facility. If during this time not followed by negative reactions, you can return to your daily life.
During the formation of the immune system it is recommended to avoid undue stress to the body (hypothermia, sauna, crowded places), alcohol and potentially allergenic foods.
Every person has the right to choose the place of vaccination. This can be done in the clinic, if you buy the vaccine with a prescription from a therapist or pediatrician. Price “Vaksigripp” in pharmacies within 300 RUB But keep in mind that last autumn-winter season, the drug was sold in limited quantities and it was difficult to find in retail. Besides for self-purchase for transport from pharmacy to the medical facility will need a cooler bag.
Another option is to be vaccinated in private clinics and or other cities. For example, prices in Moscow clinics in the range of 600-2000 rubles. With a greater value in the complex in addition to payment of the drug “Vaksigripp” and the vaccination procedure included a preliminary examination of therapist. In addition, there is no need to worry about proper transportation of the drug to the immunization.