Social networks and numerous online publications to actively disseminate information on the reform of the Russian language in 2021. The authors refer to the statement of the Minister of science and education of the Russian Federation Olga Vasilyeva. At the same time on the website of the Ministry of education USA no official information about the upcoming reform no. One gets the impression that the circulating rumor, fake, launched and skillfully replicated unknown.
Without 7 letters
The hype started after the Internet appeared the alleged statements of the Minister Vasilyeva decision on the reform of Russian orthography. It was stated that the project activities are already ready – the staff of the relevant ministries worked together with colleagues from HSE and Irkutsk state University of Railways.
A joint project of the reform for revision of the Russian alphabet in 2021, namely, to reduce it to 7 letters. If the rumors about the planned changes is true, then next year linguists:
- replace the “y” and “y” on the soft sign “b”;
- abolish the letter “e”;
- replace the consonants “TS”, “x”, “CH”, “sh”, “Sch”.
Instead of “e” will use “e”, which is not surprising because in practice, what is happening today. Moreover, until 1942 it was believed that the Russian alphabet consists of 32, not 33 letters, because “e” and “e” were considered as variations of the same sign. Harder with five consonants – what sign to replace them, as such a change will affect the pronunciation, is unknown. A sample of his style supposedly exists but has not yet been agreed or approved. A lot of questions. There is no approved typeface – there is no clarity, how to write “bus”, “spikes”, “school”, “temple”, “faggots”, “Heron”, “thicket” and other words with these consonants.
Another confusion – the names that include these letters. How to be their owners? To change the identity documents, diplomas, technical passport of the car? This should be taken by relevant laws, procedure, take into account other nuances – in order to avoid social tensions. Provided that the reformation is true and not fiction.
Alphabet and civilization
The need for reform of the Russian language in 2021, the authors argue interesting pattern – again, Recalling the words of the Russian Minister Vasilyeva. We are talking about some scientific experiments and studies conducted in different countries of the world.
They found a correlation between the successful development of the nation and the quantitative composition of the national alphabet. It turns out that rapid development of the country, in the alphabet of which not more than 26 letters. They boast a strong economy, a rare political crises and the successful overcoming of economic upheaval.
The experience of other countries
In English, French, German alphabet – 26 letters, the Italian – 21, in fact their 26. Indeed, all these countries are in the TOP 10 richest European countries.
However, in global rankings, the UK, France, Germany and Italy. But it is part of Norway – it takes an honorable 6th place with a GDP of 69.2 thousand dollars per capita. While the Norwegian alphabet has 29 letters, than destroys the data of the experiments and studies mentioned above.
School in Norway
But the island of Bougainville to the East of Australia living representatives of the tribe rotokas. Their alphabet consists of 6 consonants and 5 vowels – a total of 11 letters and is considered the smallest in the world. However, about the economy, development and social benefits of a Papuan tribe hardly knows. This is another flaw in the study of the relationship of the success of the state and the number of characters in the language.
Many experts believe that alphabetical innovations in different countries is usually initiated by the new government. In this way they seek to cut off the younger generation from the culture, traditions, literature and language of their ancestors.
Russian spelling’ve reformed on this principle. In 1917-1918 the Bolsheviks initiated changes to some spelling rules:
- Refused to use E, F, I and they were replaced with modern E, f, I.
- B is no longer mentioned at the end of words and parts of compound words.
- Word forms On, ODN, Odny replaced by They, Alone, Alone.
There were other innovations – initiating them, the Bolshevik government has limited ability to read the Royal book of people who have studied the diploma under the new rules. To read texts written in the Imperial USA, was uncomfortable and difficult.
Language and literature doubt
Doctors, candidates of Sciences, associate professors and professors their opinions about the timeliness and feasibility of reform of the Russian language in 2021
In interviews and scientific papers they often compare the alphabet with the code of civilization. Any attempt to change the civilizational code lead to unrest and disasters. Many experts believe literature announced in the web language changes the joke and draw attention to the fact that the current alphabet – perfect.
The more that such changes are costly to the state budget. But many students and teachers believe in the news and seriously anxious. Because the article said not only exception of the 7 letters of the Cyrillic alphabet – reference was also made to reduce hours of Russian language in primary school. The latter in itself seems absurd.