The day of Slavic writing and culture in 2021 traditionally will be celebrated not only in USA but also other countries – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Belarus, and Poland. In the history of the state, this festival plays an important role, because it honors the memory of saints Cyril and Methodius. They are often called the fathers of Slavic literature, since they created the Cyrillic alphabet, which helped to increase the General level of education of the population and to find the creations of famous writers.
The holiday is closely intertwined with the ecclesiastical statutes. It is dedicated to equal to the apostles brothers Cyril and Methodius. According to the Church calendar, their memory is honored 11 (24) may annually. In 1991 the Presidium of the USSR it was included in the list of official holidays.
Important! In 2021, the Day of Slavic writing and culture will be celebrated on may 24. Date fixed, therefore, does not change from year to year.
And although the holiday has official status, the state of the output on this day is not provided. But in 2021, may 24 falls on a Sunday, so the librarians, teachers of language and literature, philologists and other people involved in the occasion, will be able to relax and visit the various events held in the city.
The history of
The first to honor saints Cyril and Methodius began the Bulgarians in the ninth century, though the official holiday dedicated to writing, was held for the first time in 1803 in the town of Shumen. Later he was celebrated in other cities of the state on the initiative of activists of the Bulgarian Revival.
Over time, the Day of writing spread to the Czech Republic, Poland, Rus and other Slavic peoples. For celebration was the day chosen equal to the apostles brothers in the Church calendar – may 11, but after switching to the Gregorian method of reckoning the date was postponed to may 24.
To celebrate the holiday in the Russian Empire began in 1863 on the establishment of the Holy Synod, but with the advent of Soviet power, the situation has changed. The memory of the brothers ceased to honor, as they were priests, and Church holidays were not recognized. The day of writing was revived only in 1985, when we celebrated the 1100th anniversary of St. Methodius. In January 1991 it was decided to celebrate it annually, as evidenced by the signing of a special order.
Initially, annually out of the center of literacy in the USA. For the first time the solemn event was held in Murmansk, after Vologda, Veliky Novgorod, Smolensk, Belgorod and other cities.
Important! Since 2010, the center of the celebration is approved . In the capital the main focus of the event, but in other cities also think interesting program.
An invaluable contribution
After the brothers translated the Psalms, the Gospels and other religious books, and therefore they were able to read ordinary people. By the way, and now it is not known which was born first Cyrillic or Glagolitic. New alphabet after create has been actively used in Bulgaria and then spread to other Nations.
Interesting! The Cyrillic alphabet originally consisted of 43 letters. It had 24 letters of the Greek alphabet, which was the basis, and 19 special characters.
Traditions and customs
As the center of the celebration is the main event dedicated to the Day of Slavic writing and culture in 2021 will be concentrated in the capital. A full program will include:
- concert on red square with participation of famous artists and choirs;
- thematic exhibitions;
Usually entrance to all events is free, so they gather thousands of people. Among pupils and students will be held contests on knowledge of the language. To pass, the celebration will not only in the main square of the country, but also in the palaces of culture, creative centers, libraries and educational institutions in all Russian cities. To participate in various activities to attract citizens of all ages, including children. In the regional centers often hold godparents tours of the city, put flowers near the monument to the brothers from Thessaloniki, as well as conduct worship in the temple.
A big way to celebrate the holiday in Bulgaria. Almost all people wear wreaths of flowers, after which are at the monument to Cyril and Methodius. Celebrations in the streets gaining usually large scale.