Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

In order to get a good harvest of zucchini in the 2021 season, you should first properly organize the planting process. First of all, it is necessary to follow the seasonal calendar, taking into account local climatic conditions. In addition, it is important to perform garden work, focusing on the lunar calendar of the gardener. In nature, everything is interconnected and the heavenly body has a significant impact on the development of plants. Therefore, it is better to get acquainted with the phases of the moon in advance and choose the most favorable day for cultivating this crop.

Ways to plant zucchini

Zucchini is an unpretentious vegetable. It is undemanding in care and feels good on various soils (but, to a greater extent, prefers fertile loose soil). It successfully grows in various climatic zones, and the variety of its varieties can be “envied” by other garden crops.

Planting zucchini can be carried out with the help of seeds directly into the ground. But to get an early harvest in 2021, it is recommended to use seedlings for this purpose. Planting material is prepared in early spring, and by the beginning of the season, small bushes that have already formed are placed in the ground. Thus, the first ripe vegetables can be obtained in a short period of time. Another way to get fruit early is to plant it in a greenhouse.

Zucchini ripen “unfriendly”. The period of their maturation is stretched over time, so the crop can be harvested throughout the summer.

Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

Planting material can be purchased ready-made (seedlings) or made independently. To do this, you will need seeds purchased in the store, or prepared in advance from last year’s vegetables. Before planting, the seeds must be treated to increase their productivity:

  • take away and discard the small and subtle instances;
  • decontaminate in hot water or a strong solution of potassium permanganate;
  • temper by placing it in the refrigerator overnight (optional procedure).);
  • sprout by wrapping it in wet gauze or other thin cloth and placing it in a container (this action is optional).

Sprouted seeds should be immediately planted in an open ground or pot, without waiting for the growth of the sprout.

To accelerate the development of the plant, there are special stimulants that are sold in flower shops and supermarkets. However, zucchini is already characterized by good germination and strong growth, so there is no need to use additional funds in the process of growing them.

Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

The cultivation of seedlings

Seedlings of zucchini will be ready for transplanting into the ground in about a month, when 2-3 strong leaves are formed on the sprouts. In the greenhouse, it can be planted about a week earlier. After the first shoots appear, it will take about 60-80 days (depending on the variety and weather) before the ripe fruit appears. This should be taken into account when preparing seeds. It is necessary to calculate when the plant is planned to be planted on a “permanent place of residence”, and from this period take about 30 days – the time for growing seedlings.

In the southern regions, zucchini bushes are planted in the ground in late April-early may, when warm weather is established and the threat of recurrent frosts disappears. That is, the seeds can be sown around the end of March – early April. Late varieties can be planted a little earlier – in early to mid-March. In the middle zone, planting in the ground is performed in early to mid-may, and in the North-at the end of may. In these regions, seeds begin to be sown in the last month of spring.

Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

Ogorodnik’s lunar calendar for this period in 2021 will look like this::

A monthFavorable daysUnfavorable days
March3-6, 17, 18, 20, 23, 30, 319-14, 24, 25, 27-29
April1, 2, 14, 18, 19, 23, 24, 29, 306, 7, 11-13, 20-22, 26-28
May15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 243, 4, 10-12, 18, 19, 25-27, 30, 31

According to the lunar calendar, it is not recommended to perform any planting work on the day before, after, and during the full moon or new moon period. Also, it is important not only in what phase the Moon is, but also in what sign of the zodiac it is. For example, Scorpio, Cancer, and Taurus have the most positive effects on crop development. Sagittarius and Virgo contribute to the development of the ground part of the plant, that is, they will be favorable for zucchini. And during the influence of Aquarius and Leo, it is better to refrain from planting altogether.

To grow seedlings, you need to take small pots (preferably peat) or containers with cells that are filled with a fertile soil mixture. For one seat, use 1-2, maximum 3 seeds. They are placed shallowly in the soil, dug in and watered a little. The container is covered with a film or transparent lid and placed on a light windowsill. At the same time, the air temperature near the container should be +21…+25 C. When the shoots appear, the film is removed, and the container is moved to a cooler place (with a temperature of +18…+20 C). If cloudy weather prevails outside, the plants will need additional lighting. For this purpose, fitolampy. In the future, you will need to take care of the sprouts, which consists of watering (once every 4-6 days) and periodically applying complex mineral fertilizers (a week after the emergence of shoots, and after another 10 days).

Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

Zucchini in the greenhouse

Planting zucchini in a greenhouse can be carried out all year round, if the greenhouse is equipped with heating and lighting devices. With the right equipment, can be grown without depending on the traditional gardening season. Under normal conditions in the greenhouse, the courgettes are starting to grow in March-April. It is best to use seedlings for these purposes. Then in may you can get the first crop of vegetables.

Planting seeds for the greenhouse begins in February. In 2021, the lunar calendar for this month will be as follows::

A monthFavorable daysUnfavorable days
February1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 17-19, 22-2410-12, 25-28

Young sprouts should be gradually accustomed to the new room. First, the containers are moved to the greenhouse during the day, and taken to the house at night. In the future, the container remains in the greenhouse overnight, if the temperature in it does not fall below +8…+10C at night. The transplant is performed only after acclimatization.

Planting zucchini for seedlings and greenhouses in 2021 | when to plant, calendar

Planting in the ground

In this bed, zucchini is planted with seeds or seedlings throughout the season. The first works begin to be carried out in April-may, depending on the local climate. It is important that the weather is warm outside, and at night the temperature is above +8C. The soil for the plantation is prepared in advance, clearing it of weeds and applying fertilizers. Regardless of the choice of planting material, the distance between future bushes should be at least 30 cm, and between rows – at least 70 cm.

The calendar of zucchini planting in 2021 for the summer period is as follows:

A monthFavorable daysUnfavorable days
June6-8, 12, 13, 16, 17, 21, 221, 9-11, 14, 15, 23-25, 27, 28
July4, 5, 13-15, 18-21, 319-12, 23-25
August1, 5, 6, 10, 11, 14-17, 27-297-9, 20-23

Before planting zucchini seedlings in the open ground in spring, it must also first be acclimatized. However, overexpose the bushes in pots for more than a month should not be, because in this case they will grow worse in the beds.

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