To grow a good crop of tomatoes in most regions of the country in the open ground quite difficult, so the farmers are actively planting tomato seedlings and their subsequent cultivation in the greenhouse. To get a good harvest in the summer of 2021, the seeds can be done in February.
Lunar calendar gardener
How far stepped forward science, nature still follows its own laws. Many gardeners know that the harvest depends not only on the quality of planting material, but also on the phases of the moon. Even inexperienced gardeners will easily grow the most complex culture, if you use the lunar calendar.
- New moon and full moon – the forbidden time for planting. Complex are also two days before and after these periods. Experienced gardeners know that the new moon and full moon are generally not allowed to work the land, and only when absolutely necessary valid loosening.
- The waxing moon is favourable for plants, giving ground fruit. During this period, it is recommended to carry the seedlings to the greenhouse to plant, but only if we are not talking about root vegetables.
- Waning moon – the period for the formation of underground parts of plants.
This is the most simple rules of growing vegetable crops, but nevertheless each plant has its own nuances.
When to plant tomato seedlings
To get early yield of greenhouse tomato seedlings should start in late January. In 2021 at the beginning of February will be a growing moon, and this time it is necessary to use for germination of seeds. Favorable signs for tomato are considered to be Taurus, Cancer, Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn, Pisces. And here, too, there are nuances: summer varieties like the constellation of Pisces and Cancer, which give abundant fruiting, but the tomatoes will not lie. Varieties of tomatoes for long term storage it is better to plant in February 2021, when the Moon is in Scorpio, Libra or Taurus. These signs will give you not only a good harvest, but also a strong seed for the next year. Totally unsuited for this crop, Aquarius, Aries, Virgo, Gemini, Leo. An interesting sign of Sagittarius, it is considered a neutral, but not in the case when the tomatoes are planted for seed production. An abundant harvest from Sagittarius to not wait, but planting material obtained from such tomatoes will be strong, resistant and fruitful in the future.
|22 Jan||Waning||Capricorn||Soaking of seeds||Sowing|
|January 28-29||Growing||Fish||Sowing seeds and watering||Soil preparation and working with the earth|
|February 19-20||Waning||Capricorn||Soaking of seeds||Land preparation|
|On February 28-29, March 1||Growing||Taurus||Sowing and watering, swordplay, fertilizing||Tillage, tillage|
|March 11-12||Waning||Libra||Fertilizing, working with the earth||Swordplay|
|March 27-28||Growing||Taurus||Sowing seeds and watering, swordplay, transplant||Fertilizing, hoeing|
General rules for growing seedlings down to the fact that some characters are considered "wet" when you can make watering and fertilizing. It Is A Cancer, Scorpio, Libra, Pisces. And there are "dry" when it is recommended to remove the crop, and certainly when the moon is waning, that the fruits could lie down.
Depending on where in the next to grow tomatoes depends on when to plant tomato seedlings in 2021. For greenhouses and for late-maturing crops do it in February, for open field and for early maturing tomato seedlings can be enjoyed in March.
Transplanting into the ground
If you plan to grow tomatoes in a greenhouse made of polycarbonate, then engaged in the transfer of the seedlings in the first decade of April. If for cultivation of this culture the selected unheated greenhouse under plastic film, the process is postponed for two weeks. At the end of March to transplant the seedlings prepared in a greenhouse heated. These terms are averaged and are suitable for the middle band, to the Northern regions of the features.
Attention! Seedlings ready for transfer into soil 60 days after sowing seeds.
How to repot tomatoes
For a week before transferring the seedlings into the soil, you must prepare the soil. The earth loosened and contribute nutrients. It is better to fertilize in the autumn, but if it was not done in the spring it is necessary to make organic matter. Tomatoes love superphosphate and potassium sulfate. If the soil with high acidity, it is necessary to add wood ash.
Even growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the soil. The earth must warm up at least to 15-16 degrees. If the unheated greenhouse, before transplanting the seedlings of the earth recommends further to hide the film to create a greenhouse effect.
Attention! Tomatoes do not grow in the same place two years in a row.
Before transplanting, remove the top layer of soil (10 cm). The plants are fed for 7-10 and 3-4 days starting to strengthen, bringing cups with seedlings in the open air, for example, on the balcony, making sure that the street was not cold. 1 day to migrate to a new place seedlings abundantly watered. This will not only nourish the roots with moisture, but also to simplify the process of transshipment. On the day of the transplant boxes with seedlings for a few hours and brought into the greenhouse that the plants are accustomed to new conditions of life, and only then begin to plant tomatoes in the ground.
Tomatoes are recommended to be placed in a checkerboard pattern, leaving the distance between plants 30-35 cm for dwarf varieties and 70-80 cm tall. Standard varieties can be placed more densely, at a distance of 20 cm from each other. Transplanted shrubs do not touch for 3-4 days, then tie them to a vertical support. Spud bushes only after they are well accustomed.
As practice shows, the observance of all the preparatory stages gives a good harvest.