May for the gardener is a time of intensive work on the dacha and household plot, because everything that could not be finished in April due to unfavorable meteorological conditions will have to be completed in the last month of spring. Among the urgent tasks: planting seedlings, treating soil and plants from pests and insects, sowing certain types of crops. In order for the work to be carried out most efficiently, it is necessary to properly plan the landing days in may 2021.
Influence Of The Moon
The lunar planting calendar for may-2021 is made taking into account the location of the celestial body on a particular day: different phases of the moon have a fundamentally different effect on plants. In total, there are 4 phases that symbolize the change of seasons on a micro-scale. So, the new moon marks the middle of winter, and the quarter of the waxing moon is spring in full swing. For planting, you need to choose periods that promote active plant growth. A properly designed seedling planting calendar for 2021 and the correct timing of agricultural work will allow you to get a good harvest, reduce the number of non-standard and losses of vegetable and fruit and berry crops.
During the new moon, watering is contraindicated, and when the moon is full, it is necessary to provide plants (especially such crops as carrots, radishes and onions) with intensive moisture, since at this time the heavenly body affects the root system. When the earth’s satellite enters the first quarter of the growing phase, the SAP of the plant moves along the stem – from the roots to the leaves. At this time, the most relevant planting and harvesting of green plants, such as dill, parsley, Basil and celery. Green mass on such days is characterized by the greatest juiciness, and the useful properties of sprouts reach the highest level. During the waning of the moon, all minerals and useful substances are concentrated underground: at this time, root crops are formed, and they are saturated with nutrients.
|Location of the celestial body (phase)||Time period in may|
|The full moon||26|
|Descending order||1-10, 27-31|
Based on this information, the lunar planting calendar for may 2021 is formed, taking into account specific types of crops. During the growth of the moon, you should pay attention to sowing plants whose fruits are located above the surface of the earth, and during the decline – to lay root seeds. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the new moon and full moon, which will peak on may 11 and 26, 2021, have a negative impact not only on these days, but also on the day before and after. So, it is better to refuse any work in the garden in the period from 10 to 12 may 2021, as well as from 25 to 27 may 2021.
The table below shows approximate planting days in may-2021 by type of work on the garden plot:
|Type of work||Favorable days|
|Seed preparation, soaking, processing||5, 13-17, 20, 22, 24, 28|
|Harvesting stems and cuttings||5, 13-17, 20, 22, 24|
|Tree grafting activities||2, 5-7, 13-17, 21-24|
|Pruning of shoots and branches||1-5, 8, 9, 18, 19, 29-31|
|Preparation of fertilizers||1-5, 8, 9, 14, 18-21, 28-31|
|Picking plants||1-5, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 28-31|
|Cultivation, hoeing, plowing||1-5, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 28, 29-31|
|Weeding of plants, thinning of beds||1-5, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 28, 29-31|
|Pest control||1-5, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 28, 29-31|
|Watering, irrigation,||3, 5, 8, 9, 15, 18-21, 23, 28-31|
|Use of mineral fertilizers||13-17, 20-24|
|Use of organic fertilizers||1, 2, 5-7, 28, 29|
|Planting trees and shrubs||1, 2, 5, 13, 15-17, 20, 24, 28 and 29|
|Transplanting into the open ground seedlings of fruit trees-peach, cherry, Apple, plum, pear, apricot, cherry, etc.||1, 2, 5, 13, 15-17, 20, 24, 28 and 29|
|Planting of berry bushes – lemongrass, raspberry, currant, blueberry, gooseberry, hawthorn, and grapevine||1, 2, 5, 13, 15-17, 20, 24, 28 and 29|
|Planting of berry bushes-strawberries, blueberries, honeysuckle, strawberries, blackberries||1, 2, 3, 5, 13, 15-17, 20, 24, 28 and 29|
The lunar calendar of seedling planting for 2021 is shown in the table:
|Zucchini, eggplant||1-6, 7, 28, 30, 31|
|White cabbage and cauliflower, Peking cabbage, sunflower, asparagus||6, 7, 13, 29, 31|
|Potato||1, 3, 6, 7, 28-31|
|Bell pepper, sweet and bitter pepper, lettuce, spinach, green parsley||13-15, 17, 20, 24|
|Radishes, including daikon radish, legumes, radishes, beets, peas||6, 7, 9, 29-31|
|Turnip, corn, celery (root)||6, 7, 9, 28-31|
|Melon crops, including watermelon, melon, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers||1-6, 7, 24, 28-30|
|Onions, garlic, root vegetables||1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 28-31|
|Dill, sage, fennel, coriander, cumin and other herbs||14, 15-17, 20-24|
Planting days for indoor plants in may-2021:
|Type of colors||Favorable days|
|Corm plants||13, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24|
|Multi-year plans||13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21-24|
The landing calendar for may 2021 should be compiled not only taking into account the phases of the moon, but also the terrain, climatic conditions, and weather on a particular may day. The actual landing time may differ greatly from the planned one due to meteorological conditions.
At the very beginning of may, root crops are usually planted in the open ground, such as cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkin and other melons, squash, etc. It is also a time for hardening and transplanting many types of flowers and shrubs, such as Aster and Helichrysum. Tomatoes, cucumbers and eggplants are used for seedlings. At the beginning of may 2021, it also makes sense to plan planting days for pepper.
In the warmest regions of America, from may 1 to may 10, greens, radishes, carrots, some types of greens, onions and peas are planted in the ground. From the 7th-9th day, you can start sowing beans, corn and sunflowers. Zucchini, pumpkin, watermelon and melon seeds are sown in film greenhouses. From the 15th to the 20th, it’s the perfect time to plant leeks (but only if the soil is sufficiently warm).
From the second to the end of the third decade, it is time to transplant seedlings of cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes and eggplants into pre-prepared greenhouses. Flowers are planted in the open air – carnations, violas, daisies, etc.a Little later, when the night frosts recede and warm weather sets in, you can start planting ornamental crops such as godecia, calendula and nasturtium. At the end of may 2021, the planting calendar can include the sowing of greenhouse plants.
Tips for gardeners
To get a good harvest, it is not enough just to make a seedling planting calendar for 2021. You need to follow certain recommendations:
- transfer stronger seedlings to the open ground during the may holidays only if warm weather is established;
- cover the plantings to avoid the death of seedlings at night when frosts occur;
- pepper and eggplant should be planted according to the scheme of 25×70 cm, tomatoes-35×60 cm (in the case of a determinant type);
- treat seedlings with zircon – 4 drops of the substance per 1 liter of warm water. This will speed up the growth of plants.
- Spraying is best done in the dark, as the product loses its properties under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.;
- treat potatoes with zircon only after the appearance of full shoots. Dosage of the substance – 4 drops per 3 liters of water;
- use for processing fitosporin-M-submerge the seedlings for 2 hours, and then, 4-5 days after planting, water the solution under the root of the plants;
- to raise the immunity of seedlings, use Extrasol.