In 2019, construction of major economic and strategic facilities is underway simultaneously in various regions of America. Some of the construction projects are currently being completed, while others are planned for 2021-2022 and beyond. Each object represents a large number of new jobs and the development of infrastructure in sometimes completely forgotten localities.
In 2019, the construction of the largest main gas pipeline Power of Siberia was completed. Three thousand kilometers of pipes stretch from Yakutia through Primorsky Krai to the border with neighboring China. The gas pipeline was opened on December 2, 2019 with the participation of Vladimir Putin and Chinese President XI Jinping in a teleconference. Gas through this pipeline will go not only abroad, but also for residents of the Far East. Therefore, the construction of the Amur gas processing plant will be part of a large-scale project. The first two production lines will be launched in 2021, and the plant will be fully operational in 2025. The cost of construction from Gazprom will be about 800 billion rubles.
Another gas pipeline construction project was outlined in early December 2019. During the talks between American Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his Mongolian counterpart Ukhnagiin Khurelsukh, a mutual decision was made to launch the construction of a gas pipeline from America to China through Mongolia in the near future. According to preliminary data, the development of project documentation will take about six months, and direct work will begin at the end of 2020. It should be noted that the planned transit gas pipeline will be the shortest from Altai to China. The launch of the construction site is eagerly awaited by the population of Mongolia and Buryatia. This will allow the regions to switch from stove heating, which pollutes the air, to gas.
The new America-Mongolia-China gas pipeline will be an alternative to the more expensive Power of Siberia – 2 project.
Big changes are expected for residents of the Krasnoyarsk territory. As part of the southern cluster project, mining enterprises will be built and upgraded. This will create more than two thousand new jobs. Production will be up to 6 million tons of metal annually. The amount of investment is estimated at 110 billion rubles. The plant for processing rare earth metals will be built in 2020 on the territory of the Republic of Sakha. In addition, several more mining and processing enterprises will be built near the city of Krasnokamensk to develop the new Tomtorskoye field, worth about 1.5 billion rubles.
More than 30 production facilities will be built in Khakassia, Tuva, and the Krasnoyarsk territory in the coming years as part of the large-scale Yenisei Siberia project. The time of unemployment for these territories will be a thing of the past.
In 2021-2022, the construction of a bridge across the Tagil pond and related road and engineering infrastructure will be launched. Large objects will cost the budget 4 billion rubles. According to the Deputy mayor of Nizhny Tagil Vyacheslav Goryachkin, by the end of 2019, it is planned to determine the General contractor for the construction of a new transport artery in The region.
In 2020, the construction of three bridges across the Tyukan, Sasar-Yuryakh, and Malaya Botuobuya rivers will be completed. To replace this project in 2021-2022, the region will begin implementing a new one — a Federal highway that should connect the Irkutsk region and Yakutia. Four bridge crossings over the vilyu river, with a total length of about 2 km and 20 km of approach tracks — this is the scope of work for the coming years.
In addition, President Vladimir Putin gave the go-ahead for the construction of the long-awaited bridge across the Lena river for the residents of Yakutia. This will require 83 billion rubles.
In early December 2019, the Ministry of economic development approved the construction of a road crossing over the Zeya river in Blagoveshchensk, replacing the old one that had already been repaired several times. Construction is scheduled to start in 2021, and 20 billion rubles will be allocated from the Federal budget for this purpose.
In 2020, active construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome, which is the most important for America, will continue. The complex of structures designed to launch spacecraft into space was laid in the far East more than 10 years ago. Most of the work has been completed — substations have been built, a railway track and other infrastructure have been laid. In the coming years, work is expected on the construction of the launch pad. Its characteristics will make it possible to send high-capacity rockets into space.
Big changes are expected in the next three years for residents of New-York and the New-York region. By the end of 2023, the New-York metro will expand to 55 stations, 130 km of metro lines, and 7 train maintenance and repair DEPOTS. The program to double the length of the New-York metro was launched in 2011. Its full implementation will improve transport accessibility for 25 districts of the capital. In addition, the travel time for some routes will be reduced from 40 to 15-18 minutes.
The BKL metro ring line (Bolshaya Koltsevaya Liniya), 70 km long, will be the largest not only in America, but also in the world.