All graduates who finish the 9th grade in 2021 will have to take the OGE in mathematics among the mandatory subjects of the State Final Certification. We suggest you find out in detail what changes were made to the CIM in 2020, what the exam format will be, and what recommendations FIPI offers for evaluating papers.
Although the OGE was canceled last year due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the 2020 season will be remembered for the fact that a large-scale reform of the system of quality control of knowledge of graduates of the second stage was carried out in America. The changes affected most subjects of the Mandatory State Exam, including mathematics.
The Ministry explains that the innovations in CMMS were necessary due to changes in teaching standards. The reform had the following goals::
- Bring the CMMS into compliance with the current FSES standards.
- Bring the OGE closer to the unified state exam format (minimize tasks with ready-made answer options).
- To shift the emphasis from verification of theoretical knowledge on the control of practical skills.
The main innovation of the OGE in mathematics, which is also relevant for the 2021 exam, was the introduction of a new type of tasks – practice-oriented. The new block will appear at the very beginning of Kim and will include 5 questions United by a single storyline.
The exam format itself will remain unchanged:
- the tests will be held on the basis of native educational institutions for graduates;
- there are a total of 25 questions in the Kim (1 less than in 2020!);
- it takes 3 hours and 55 minutes (235 minutes) to complete the task.);
- it is allowed to use the classic ruler and reference materials that are attached to the set of control and measuring materials.
Important! All types of calculators are prohibited at the OGE in mathematics. It is recommended that you perform all the necessary calculations on the draft.
The structure and features of the Kim
In the 2021 reformed KIMS of the OGE in the subject “mathematics”, presented by FIPI, 25 tasks will be divided into two parts.
At the same time, 19 tasks will have a basic level of difficulty, 4 – increased, and only 2 – high.
- the geometry module includes Nos. 15-19 and 23-25;
- to the practical module – # 1-5;
- to the module “algebra”, No. 6 to 14 and 20-22.
In 2021, the OGE in mathematics will cover the following main topics::
|№||Topic||Number of questions|
|1||Numbers and calculations||7|
|3||Algebraic expressions||1! (there were 2)|
|4||Equations and inequalities||2|
|6||Functions and graphs||1|
|7||Coordinates on a straight line and plane||1|
|8||Statistics and probability theory||1|
Important! Task # 12 (for working with sequences and progressions) will become applied.
In the OGE in mathematics 2021, in part 1, along with new tasks, there will also be well-known tasks that the FIPI experts decided to leave unchanged. In particular, tasks for working with:
- numeric straight line and coordinate plane;
- formulas (the substitution of values);
- function graphs (reading and plotting);
- equations and inequalities;
- calculations (for arithmetic operations);
- geometric shapes.
According to experts and teachers, the first part of the OGE in mathematics has not become significantly more difficult after the reform, although students who will finish the 9th grade in 2021 should pay special attention to the new block of tasks.
We suggest you watch an online lesson on solving practical problems.
The second part of Kim also underwent a number of changes. The wording of some problems has been changed, and elements of applied mathematics with a practical focus have been added. Compared to the higher and higher difficulty tasks of 2019, the updated ticket block for 2021 looks somewhat more complicated.
Of course, if you do not plan to continue studying in a class with a physics and mathematics or IT profile, and you are quite satisfied with a grade of “3”, then it is not necessary to solve the 2nd part. But for graduates who want to get a high score, tasks # 20-25 are simply necessary, because they give 37.5% of all primary points.
Evaluation of the OGE in mathematics
Having completed all 25 tasks perfectly, the examinee in 2021 can score 31 primary points on the OGE in mathematics.
At the same time, each task of part I (from 1 to 20) is evaluated in 1 b., and each task of part II (from 21 to 26) is evaluated in 2 b.
The result of GIA-9 has a direct impact on the final assessment, which is formed from the annual assessment in the subject and the assessment into which the OGE points are transferred. For mathematics, FIPI offers the following correspondence table::
|I didn’t pass it||0-7|
Important! When converting points to a grade, the number of completed geometry problems is taken into account.
So, if the examinee scored less than 2 points on geometric problems, they give a score lower than the correspondence table recommends.
This means that to get a certificate, it is not enough just to get 8 primary points – you need at least 2 of them for tasks from the geometry block. The same principle applies for grades ” 4 ” or “5”, so you should pay special attention to this type of questions and tasks.
For specialized classes and colleges, the following primary score thresholds are recommended for 2021::
- physical and mathematical profile and IT sphere-19 b.;
- economy – 18 b.;
- natural Sciences – 18 b.
Secrets of preparation
Any teacher will say that the main secret to successfully passing the OGE in mathematics is regular and systematic study of the subject throughout the entire period of study at school. However, practice shows that many students think about the importance of this subject only when they feel the approach of the GIA OR decide on the future direction of study and understand that the result of the OGE in mathematics is of key importance for their future.
Can I improve my knowledge of the subject shortly before the exam?
You can answer this question only by understanding the level of knowledge of a particular student, assessing their motivation and readiness to work. For some, a few months of intensive training may be enough to get the coveted “5”, and for others, a school year may not be enough to eliminate existing knowledge gaps. One thing is for sure – preparation for the OGE in mathematics should start as early as possible (ideally from the beginning of the academic year).
9th graders have several options:
- attending group classes (often organized by PI schools);
- individual work with a tutor.
If you are a responsible person, motivated to achieve results and know how to organize your owl’s time correctly, then it will help you prepare for the math exam:
- analysis of the demo version of the OGE in mathematics in 2021;
- solving tasks from the open FIPI Bank;
- repetition of theoretical foundations in special collections;
- video tutorials available online.
We recommend that you repeat the topics submitted for the exam in separate blocks, while solving the tasks available on the FIPI website, and then consolidate the result by solving one of the available demos.
Also watch a free webinar on analyzing the new demo version of the OGE in mathematics 2021 with changes: