Alumni wishing to connect the life with the IT field, in 2021 will take Exams in Informatics and today, at the beginning of the school year, we are ready to elaborate whether FIPI changes, what will be the structure in Kim, when the test (date), and what should be the preparation for higher result.
Is it worth to take?
In 2021 Examinations in computer science is the examination of choice.
According to 2020, Examinations a subject “Informatics and ICT” chose about 100 000 graduates, which is 1000 more than the number who passed English language but 74 000 less than willing to get a certificate in physics.
Such a high interest from alumni due to the fact that high scores in computer science (of course, in conjunction with a competitive result in core math), let you become the student in the following areas:
- software engineering;
- systems engineering;
- system analysis;
- computer science and engineering;
- applied Informatics;
- theoretical foundations of computer science;
- space technology.
And this is not a complete list of directions. More details about the proposals on the websites of Universities, inviting students to the faculties of information technology.
For early period the draft calendar 2021 defined Exams these days:
- main — 03.04.20 (Friday);
- backup — 08.04.20 (Wednesday).
For the main period Exams with the days of the exam on Informatics:
- main — 25.05.20 (Monday);
- backup — 19.06.20 and 03.07.20.
When will be the exam in the preliminary period of the GIA, will be known closer to the beginning of November, when the calendar of the Examinations will be approved officially.
In September retake computer science no longer, as under the existing rules Exams can be retaken in the autumn of compulsory subjects (Russian language and mathematics).
The main news for everyone who plans to 2021 to take Exams in Informatics is the lack of any changes in the examination structure and content of KIMS. The reform process of the Final State Certification for 11-graders successfully completed and Kimy 2021 fully meet modern requirements to the level of training of future entrants.
The format and rules
Remain unchanged and the basic norms of test:
- the duration is 3 hours and 55 minutes (235 min.);
- total jobs – 27;
- the maximum raw score is 35 (equivalent to 100 points in the certificate);
- the minimum score of the certificate – 40;
- additional materials and equipment is not permitted;
- any calculators are prohibited!
The exam fees 11th grade pupils will meet the targets on all the main subjects studied in the school course:
- The PC architecture.
- The architecture of computer networks.
- Search and storage of information.
- Methods of encoding information.
- Number system.
- Elements of the theory of algorithms.
- Computational simulation.
- Algorithmization and programming.
Just Kim on Informatics 27 jobs will be distributed between two blocks as follows:
In the documentation posted on the website FIPI, there are recommendations for run-time operation. So, for the decision of tasks of the 1st part (12 a basic level and 11 high), it is recommended to take 90 minutes, and the remaining 145 to devote to the tasks of the 2nd part (of high complexity).
Please note that among the 23 tasks of the 1st part of the demo option in 2021 are practically no jobs to choose the correct answer from those given, but quite a lot of problems in understanding code. Thus, students are provided with a choice – snippets given in several popular languages. In 2021, it would be:
Important! Job No. 24-27 examinees can also work with the most convenient language programming of 5-proposed.
It is worth noting that many educators is not recommended as the sole language for assignments, Exams Python, as in different versions of the language semantics and the principle of operation of the programming environments have significant differences. Even if you prefer Python, you should be sure that in case a force majeure situation, you will be able to perform tasks on one of the other languages list FIPI.
Right after completing all 27 jobs Exams in computer science, in 2021, the graduate will be able to get a 35 raw score, which according to the translation table FIPI will be interpreted as a 100-point score.
Calculating the raw score for the performance of tasks, the examination papers will be as follows:
Task high level will be checked by two independent experts. So, correctly written and working program can give 2 to 4 points taking into account such criteria:
- 2 points – not used effectively in memory and is not optimized at run-time;
- 3 points – the program execution time significantly depends on the processed value or no optimization of memory;
- 4 points – the program works correctly in all incoming data, and is also optimized for memory and time.
Important! Examinees may write in the form of responses No. 2 more than one program for each of the 4 tasks. In this case, the experts will review all the options and read the one that gets the most points on the above scale.
Although the results of GIA-11 is not officially transferred to the school score (the important score of the certificate in a 100-point system), many graduates want to understand what mark corresponds to their result. For this purpose the approximate correspondence table.
Of course, the Exams in computer science can not be called simple and easy, so graduates 2021 wishing to delve further into the field of IT, we have some serious training.
The main mistake many 11th graders, passionate about programming, increased concentration of attention on the block of algorithms and writing code, whereas in Kim submitted questions on many other subjects of the school course.
Where to start training? Definitely – with the basics and mathematical fundamentals of computer science-without it, it will be impossible to start solving problems. What you should know “by rote” is a power of two and the ratio of the values of the volume file.
The ability to handle powers of two (and three, and five) will be necessary not only for solving problems on finding the volume of files, and in solving a number of tasks on different number systems.
Number system is one of the most difficult topics of the course in Informatics, so she will need to devote a lot of time, resuming in memory (or learning):
- methods for converting numbers between different number systems;
- basic arithmetic in different systems;
- the use of tables of the triad and tetrad.
A detailed analysis of the translation of numbers between number systems, see the video lesson:
But what about direct programming? No doubt, the ability to build algorithms, understand the program logic and in fact, to write code in one of the programming languages is an important factor to achieve high results on Exams. And then a little to know the basic language operators is a necessary practice that to learn to understand what is required of you in the problem, what nuances to pay attention to and what data types to use.
Indispensable for the practice are two resources:
- open Bank jobs FIPI;
- the website Polyakova, who know all the younger programmers.
If the dry text book or other specialized publications is perceived difficult, watch the instructional video analysis tasks and main topics that will occur in 2021 for the Exam on Informatics: