In 2021 the exam on the American language remains the main mandatory test for every 11th-grader, so today pupils and students should know what new demands FIPI and what are the judging criteria essays, the most challenging, according to students task No. 27.
At the American language exam, graduates will have to complete 27 tasks, including: :
- 26 short-answer test tasks;
- 1 task with a detailed answer – an essay based on the text you read.
Important! Do not confuse the essay that will be written on the unified state exam in American with the final essay-reasoning, which graduates will write in December 2020.
The format and system of evaluation of these two works is significantly different. In this article, we will discuss exactly what criteria are defined in 2021 for evaluating essays on the unified state exam in American. For more information about how the December essay-reasoning is evaluated, see the article “Final essay on literature in 2021: topics, directions”.
For many years, most of the experiences of graduates are associated with task No. 27, in which you need to write an essay, formulating the problem posed by the author in the proposed text.
All tasks are given 210 minutes (3.5 hours) to complete, of which experts recommend allocating at least 70 minutes (1 hour and 10 minutes) to the essay, otherwise you may not have time to transfer the text written on the draft to the answer form.
To understand what should be a high-quality text worthy of the maximum score, it is necessary to clearly understand the criteria for evaluating an essay in American, developed by FIPI specifically for the unified state exam in 2021.
Important! Before evaluating the work, experts will check the volume of the text. If it turns out to be less than 70 words, the essay will not be checked further and “0” points will be awarded for all criteria.
For works with a volume of 70-150 words, the following rules apply::
As in the previous season, in 2021 the test will take place on 12 points, while the composition criteria will be divided into three blocks:
- the contents;
- speech processing;
We suggest that you take a closer look at each block and its criteria.
The first criterion is extremely important, because if there is no problem statement in the text (or the problem is formulated incorrectly), task #27 is not checked further and is evaluated at ” 0 ” points.
The second criterion is aimed at checking the quality of illustrations and comments on the problem, demonstrating its understanding by the examinees. It is the most significant of the 12 points and is rated at a maximum of 5 points.
Please note that the American language essay criteria require a graduate in 2021 not only to formulate a problem (or problems) based on the text given in the CIM, but also to provide at least 2 illustrations with explanations.
The third criterion gives only 1 point for the presence in the text of the author’s personal position and his attitude to the problem described in the essay.
K-4 allows you to get 1 more primary score, which will be awarded if the use participant expresses his personal attitude to the author’s position with the justification of his consent or disagreement.
Speech processing (K5-K6)
The fifth criterion can give the future applicant another 2 points for semantic integrity and coherence of written speech.
For expressiveness and accuracy of speech, you can get 2 points.
Please note that the maximum score for this criterion will only be given if all speech standards are met in the text (K-10).
The third block includes 5 criteria at once that check compliance with spelling, punctuation, grammar, speech and ethical standards, as well as correct presentation of facts.
Important! In 2021, there are no new criteria for writing, which should help graduates better prepare for the unified state exam in American.
We propose to analyze in more detail all the essay criteria that were developed for the unified state exam in 2020, but will also be relevant for the American exam in 2021:
We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with the evaluation criteria for the remaining use tasks in American, which will be completely identical in 2020 and 2021.
So, for completing task No. 27, a graduate can get 24 primary points out of 58 possible, which is 41% of the total result of the unified state exam. Every graduate understands that without a well-written essay, it is impossible to get a competitive result for admission to the UNIVERSITY.
Traditionally, two independent experts will check the 2nd part of the American language work on the unified state exam in 2021, based on the essay criteria listed in this article. The criteria can also be found in the demo version, which is posted on the FIPI website.
If the experts ‘ opinions differ slightly, the result will be the arithmetic mean. If there is a significant discrepancy in the rating (by 8 or more points), a third expert will be involved in checking the text, and their opinion will be accepted as decisive.
Examinees have the right to challenge the results of an expert review. If you (and your teacher) firmly believe that the work is worthy of higher grades, you can try to prove this to the appeal Commission.
The appeal procedure should be as follows::
- The graduate submits a complaint to the principal of the school (in writing in 2 copies).
- The Director immediately submits it to the CC (conflict Commission) for consideration.
- The conflict Commission sets the date of consideration of the appeal (4 days from the date of receipt of the complaint) and informs the parents of the appellant.
- On the set day, the use participant and their authorized representatives (parents or teachers) come to the CC meeting, where experts argue their assessment by comparing the work and the criteria for evaluating the essay of 2021. 20 minutes are allotted for consideration.
- The Commission makes the final decision whether to reject the appeal or change the points.
Important! Keep in mind that based on the results of reviewing the work of the CC, points can be changed either up or down.
For more information about when and how to file an appeal, as well as what to expect at the meeting of the conflict Commission, see this video: