In 2021 traditionally, the Christmas holidays are celebrated from Christmas to Epiphany. If you look, it’s not even a holiday, but a few days between the big Christian holidays in which people celebrate birth of Jesus Christ, conduct the old rituals and venerate old traditions. Although it was not always so, but all order.
When will be celebrated
The dates of certain holidays change from year to year, but this does not apply to Christmas time. Their date is fixed, and therefore unchangeable. To calculate what day will be Christmas or Codes, you can own. It is enough to know the date of Christmas and Epiphany. Begin to celebrate Christmas on Christmas Eve – Christmas eve (6 January after rising of the first star) and continue for 12 days until late in the evening of 18 January (the eve of Epiphany).
Important! In 2021 date Svatkov not change. To have fun and walk the people will be from 6 to 18 January.
It is worth noting that the tradition is now not so revered as in former days, especially in big cities. Now the celebration are satisfied only in some days – on Christmas day, on Christmas eve, and Basil (13 and 14 January). Although for believers it is a special period with certain customs and restrictions.
The history of
Christmas have a long history and pagan roots. The first mention of the festivities in the winter with disguises and fortune-telling date back to IV century. It is believed that our ancestors had arranged a holiday for a few days after one of the gods of heaven. They conducted various rituals to harvest the incoming year was rich. It was believed that this period is improving of evil spirits, and therefore, people dressed with costumes, walked the streets, shouting, singing loud songs and laughing to scare away evil spirits.
After the baptism of Rus to eradicate the tradition of festivities proved a difficult task. It was decided to “upgrade” the Christianity. In this regard, the Tide began to celebrate the birth of God’s Son. Since 12 days people had a lot of fun, do not limit themselves in food and other earthly pleasures, the period of celebration ended with a Baptism. It was believed that water helped to purify the body and soul, to recognize the sins and repent of them. In General, the Christmas after the adoption of Christianity has changed significantly, although now in some traditions viewed the pagan roots.
Customs and traditions
Christmas is celebrated with a special scale in the early days. It is believed that the tables in this period have to be rich and generous, the whole year has been prosperous. On Christmas Eve, when the start Codes, Housewives cook meatless meals, since it still has the Christmas post. Be sure the table is served with kutia (a porridge of grain with dried fruits and honey), pancakes, pies and other pastries, and pudding and uzvar.
At Christmas and Generous evening women prepare a variety of dishes from meat, fish and vegetables. According to the old custom, if a family lost relatives in the past year, put on the table of extra Cutlery. At Christmas time the souls of the dead down to the ground, so they need to provide a warm welcome.
Important! The Holy days should give up heavy work which can be transferred for later. This does not apply to cooking, cleaning and other chores around the house. Have to go to work, because after the official end of Christmas weekend.
The faithful will give alms to the needy. If among your friends there are poor people, they will bring treats and help in other ways, to give them a real treat.
The tradition of caroling has appeared in Russia. Adults and children dressed in costumes of fairytale characters, animals, devils and other evil forces, went from house to house singing carols. It is believed that the rite was dedicated to the glorification of God Kolyada. After the adoption of Christianity carolers began to sing songs about the birth of Jesus Christ, and sometimes even staged small theatrical performances. Groups of people began to wear a star that symbolizes the star of Bethlehem, and to wear costumes of angels. Costumed necessarily give candy and other sweets, as well as money.
Christmas time is a special period in which you can predict the future. Earlier, the girls definitely were guessing between Christmas and Epiphany, to learn about your husband, his character, color of hair and eyes. In ancient times, unmarried beauties often gathered in the same house and had different rites. Guessing at Christmas can be on the hair, wax, grain, ring and other ways. Divination is necessarily accompanied by songs, jokes and fun.
See video with the history and traditions of Christmastide: