In 2021 traditionally, Christmas Eve will be celebrated on Christmas eve. For believers this particular evening associated with the biggest holiday of the birth of Jesus Christ. Over the years of its existence has formed various traditions and rituals. Some of them observed so far.
The date and origin of the name
Since Christmas Eve is celebrated before Christmas, the date does not change from year to year. It marks the beginning of the so-called Christmas until the Baptism.
Important! Date Christmas eve in 2021 does not change – it will be marked on January 6.
There are two versions of the origin of the name of the festival, although in both cases it is associated with dishes prepared on this day. According to the first version, the name comes from the word “sochivo”. The so-called special porridge, which was prepared from parboiled cereal grains. Its definitely watered down juice and honey. And now cook like porridge, just call it pudding.
According to another version the name of the Christmas eve comes from the name of the cakes, “the very”, which had special openings. It was believed that before the big holiday through these holes you could see the evil spirits. Now this ritual is not carried out.
Christmas eve – the last day of advent. The clergy of this day are of shoedini, that is, do not eat hot food prepared with butter. And then only eat in the evening, and all day drink only water. Ordinary people do not need to follow such strict rules, but on the festive table should be only Lenten dishes.
The evening before Christmas, families gather at the table. Dinner to start with appearance of the first star in the sky. Associate it with the star of Bethlehem, which according to the biblical stories illuminated the way of the shepherds going to born Jesus Christ. On the table is usually served with Christmas pudding. It is prepared from cereal grains. In porridge add nuts, dried fruit, poppy seeds and honey, although the recipes Kuti differ significantly in different regions. Scraps of porridge usually put near the icons for the souls of deceased relatives. It is believed that on this day, they descend from heaven to earth. Informed the rest of the pudding was distributed to poor people.
Knowing what day Christmas Eve in 2021, the hosts should consider in advance menu. The table should be 12 meatless dishes to have enough of all the apostles. Usually served with:
- broth – a thick compote made from dried fruits;
- dumplings with cabbage and potatoes;
- meatless pies and pancakes with different fillings;
- dishes with mushrooms;
- vegetable salads;
- pickles and preservation;
- lean sweet treats − halva, marmalade etc.
In some regions there is a tradition according to which the godchildren on Christmas Eve, have dinner his godfather.
This tradition is closely intertwined Christian and Slavic roots. A group of carolers is definitely a big star that symbolizes the star of Bethlehem. Guys and girls change into different outfits, but the special role of “goat”. She always goes first. Slavs believed that it drives away evil spirits.
Caroling is of Slavic origin. Before the baptism of Russia, it was one of the biggest holidays on the winter solstice (according to the old calendar Christmas Eve falls on December 24). This day held ceremonies dedicated to the God Kolyada. People dressed up, singing songs, dancing and other entertainment. With the advent of Christianity to eradicate the traditions failed, so they are interpreted under the new rules. Carolers began to celebrate the birth of God’s son.
Divination on Christmas Eve
Our ancestors believed that Christmas night is magic. The night before a big holiday, some crazy things happen and miracles. In the evening the girls and sometimes the guys got together to tell fortunes and predict your destiny. It was considered that the predicted will come true.
And now some girls wonder to know about the future groom. For example, to learn about your spouse by completing a simple ceremony. The girl needs to go outside and lie back in the snow. Then get up to leave the house without looking back. The next day you should go out and look at the result:
- smooth trail – my husband is kind and affectionate;
- roughness indicates a rough and tough wife;
- with a deep trace of the marriage can be several times;
- if snowing, soon to be married.
Girls are also speculating on rice, wax ring, water and other ways.